Role of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Architecture

Gulshan Ansari G


Artificial Intelligence and architecture together solve challenges of housing, the way we live, and cities. More than 55% of the world’s population is living in urban areas. By 2050, the estimated figure for the population will be up to 68%. Experts are expecting an upswing toward cities, which will cause countless megacities around the globe.

In the 21st sanctuary, life has been changed due to advanced technology which makes our life easier and faster. Due to constant innovation in the speed of microprocessors, the volume of data gathering increased dramatically over the years.

However, this doesn’t mean that AI will overtake everything and robots will design buildings. Let’s read chronological steps of how AI is helping in the architecture and construction industries.


AI uses the information to make decisions that are essential at the beginning phase of an architect’s project. As per recent research, everyday maximum work done by people is finished by the latest high-intelligence computers. comfortable with the reality of how AI is evolving enterprises, Medicine, Automobiles, Architecture, and Manufacturing. 

Major Areas Where AI is Transforming Architecture Mentioned Below

Improved Building Efficiency: Nowadays due to AI the architect is getting within a second direction, temperature, sun path, climatic condition, geographical condition, and material info which are very important data before starting any project. Smart technology allows thinking beyond incorporating sustainability in the plan.

Planning and Construction: Building design and construction work is not a one-day task, it requires a lot of preparation activities and management. AI makes an architect’s life easier by analyzing entire information and generating a model which gives a 3d view which helps in saving the designer’s energy and time.



Smart Decisions and Quick Results

In the beginning, a task requires innumerable research, for both the design purpose and the project done in the past. AI stored boundless amounts of information which helps the architect to approach exploring and testing new ideas simultaneously like conceptual design with no use of pen and paper.


Parametric Architecture

Parametric Architecture is trendy. It is a design framework that permits designers to play with specific parameters to make various kinds of yields, structures, and forms that seem impossible. An architect’s programming language, the tool enables the architect to pick design yield, set the imperatives, plug information, and make innumerable cycles of a building within minutes.

Secure Buildings

A smart security system, designed for a building, organizations, workplaces, and campuses to examine, identify suspicious activity, and also send alerts to building proprietors. AI is used as a smart locking system. And for unlocking the keycard or code required.

Smart Cities

The city looks today will be different in the coming future. The challenging task for an architect is city planning with precision. It is essential to examine all the potential perspectives and see how a city will stream, how the population will be in the coming years and the future growth of the city. AI gathers large amounts of information through mobile sensors such as urban tech like cars, buses, bicycles, and citizens to collect data related to air pollution, noise pollution, sound, etc. This data can be used by urban planners to take appropriate decisions to make the city sustainable.  

Algorithmic Design

AI systems provide computing power to designers and companies around the globe. Data collected from previous works, simply input their parameters to generate multiple CAD designs. 

Revolution in Design

New software can change the perception and engagement with architectural projects for both the architects and the clients. Now, instead of showing plans, you can show walkthroughs of proposed places that look like reality on a digital screen. It moves freely like a movie. It allows sensing design before it’s built, from the lights and sounds.

Robot Craftsman in Construction Technology and Fabrication

AI allows us to create super complex models, designs, shapes and forms previously thought were impossible. It generates a completely different aesthetic language by 3D printing technology to develop rare kinds of details and ornamentations.

Building Information Modeling (BIM)

BIM includes product information, costs, and time, delivering an architect the complete scope of a project. BIM functions with other design software like structures which incorporate detailed design, construction, analysis, maintenance, manufacturing, and operation once the building gets constructed and even its renovation. 

Reduce Building Costs

The building costs have been reduced by up to twenty percent. Computers can assess job sites and autonomous construction machinery to assist with excavation work, recognize risk factors, and minimize safety hazards and delays.

AI in the Home

By using AI the architect designs the home with the potential to enhance the user experience. Like opening the gates to smart homes, living spaces that are complex living data-driven organisms. An architect has to design the language of the home, to better improve the lives of the residents by using AI.


In this glancing overview of AI in architecture we saw ways that machine learning may directly help the architecture profession in ideating, exploring, and realizing new designs through the manipulation and processing of big data. Tech develops more inescapable, it gives opportunity to smaller practices to take on bigger projects, and take advantage of the internet and all the assets readily available to create propositions. AI will take architectural achievements to the next level.


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