Ways to Manage Traffic in Metro City

Kishan Thakkar K

There is a high probability that you got stuck in traffic while going to the office or home. You might have probably felt what if I have the ability to fly! Jokes apart. Traffic in urban areas has become a serious problem. Bengaluru IT companies suffered a loss of ₹225 crores on August 30 2022 as their employees were stuck in the traffic for around five hours.

There are so many reasons for this including awareness among citizens, lack of proper planning, etc. In this article, we are going to focus on the positive or the solution side of things. As a resident of a city, there are a few things you can do to solve the traffic problem on a smaller scale.

Why does the city have traffic problems?

There are several important factors contributing to traffic congestion, including insufficient road space, inadequate facilities for segregating slow traffic, inadequate widths for sidewalks for pedestrians and their encroachment by hawkers, and poor road discipline.

There are a number of traffic management solutions that can be applied to the city in order to alleviate traffic problems in the city.

Problem-solving strategies for traffic congestion

  1. Make use of more public transportation

Throughout the past many years, the government has encouraged public transportation. Traffic congestion and pollution can be reduced by this. 

It is considered that good and affordable public transportation systems such as trains, metros, monorails, and buses are more sustainable modes of transportation than any other.

Investing in metros and public transport buses should be made on a large scale in order for the development of a good public transport system. To encourage people to switch to public transportation, public transport fares need to be heavily reduced.

  1. The development of roads needs to be strategic

In the years ahead, vehicles will continue to grow in popularity since citizens are more likely to buy them for aspiration than necessity. The infrastructure on the roads needs to be able to sustain a high volume of traffic, so good road infrastructure is necessary. Development of longer flyovers can increase the capacity of existing roads. For reduction of travel time and traffic congestion, signal-free corridors can be built to avoid junction conflicts.

  1. Promote non-motorized transportation

Cycling and non-motorised transport should be encouraged for short trips since they are less polluting. The importance of non-motorised transport has diminished due to urban sprawl and rising income levels. Non-motorized modes are environmentally friendly, however, and should be given a greater share of the transportation space.

It is estimated that between 25% and 30% of commuters use pedestrians as well. As vendors encroach on their facilities or use the roads to serve them, they are forced to use the roads, which contributes to accidents. 

  1. Timings of office hours

Traffic can be reduced during peak hours if office and school timings are staggered. Currently, peak hours are from 9am to 11am and 5pm to 7.30pm. 

Bangalore Traffic Police’s safe route to school project has greatly reduced traffic congestion as school starts before 9 a.m. IT companies have staggered their work schedules to reduce traffic congestion. 

As a result, it may be possible to reduce traffic congestion during the traditional peak times of the day by rearranging the office hours of state government and central government departments in a similar manner.

  1. Availability of parking spaces 

There is always a need for parking spaces in urban areas, and parking places occupy a considerable amount of land. A systematic approach must be taken to determine the criteria for allocating parking spaces in line with this fact. 

As a means of encouraging the use of public transport, high parking fees should be imposed that truly reflect the value of the land occupied. Every commercial area should also have multi level parking facilities.

  1. Road users should be educated

Traffic rules and regulations need to be made clear to road users through the media, posters, pamphlets, slides in cinemas, and banners in order to raise awareness of those rules and regulations. There should be a method by which habitual and repeated offenders can be made to undergo serious training in traffic-training institutes that have been established by the police to deal with this problem.

In Summary

These are some of the solutions that you as a citizen can apply. If implemented systematically, they will go a long way in making Bengaluru more liveable. 

These are not quick-fix solutions, but if everyone applies it on daily basis it can have a positive impact on sustainable development. The city can be more liveable through it.

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