Overview of Bangalore’s Structure and Evolution

Sujan Afi S

Bangalore or Bengaluru, lying in the heart of the Mysore plateau, is the capital of Karnataka. It lies in the southeast part of Karnataka. It is a plain region except for the western part of the city. There is no major river running through the city.

However, you will find River Arkavathi and River South Pennar in the city. It enjoys moderate weather throughout the year due to its high elevation.

Bangalore city © The Independent

In this blog, we will look at the evolution of the city of Bengaluru.

Evolution of Bengaluru

Bengaluru as a city was founded by Kempe Gowda I, a feudatory ruler of the Vijayanagara Empire. He built a mud fort at the location in 1537. He did hardly have any idea that the city would be so famous in future and would attain a mammoth size, providing homes to a large number of people of the entire world.

Though the vision of Kempe Gowda I regarding Bengaluru was not so big, he built the city with a proper plan. There were provisions for residential buildings, forts, water tanks, gardens, religious places, market places, etc.

History suggests that the area he chose for construction was thickly forested. Nevertheless, it was not uninhabited. There were tribal people and migrants from Tamil and Telegu regions too. The proper construction and township attracted even more people to that place.

People from all parts of the country arrived at that place in search of work and settlement. Thus, Bengaluru started evolving little by little.

The place eventually had residents from several parts of the world. People fleeing due to religious tensions took refuge in Bengaluru. The government even built a settlement at Bylakuppa for the Tibetan refugees who ran away from their homeland to follow their guru, Dalai Lama.

Even the artisans and the craftsmen who came to construct the entire city or royal forts and palaces decided to stay back. Thus, the population of the area grew.

The city itself saw several transitions. Several kings came and ruled over the place. Every settler brought with him his followers, customs, traditions, etc. After the British came to India Bangalore soon gained the epithet ‘Little England’. Later it came to be known as ‘The Garden City’ because its good climate was healthy for the growth of plants and gardens.

Let’s see the division of the land used in Bengaluru

© ResearchGate

The Structure of the City

As Bengaluru is a continental city, therefore, it has expanded circularly. We find that the city is divided into five concentric belts. The core of the city has an administrative section, business section, and historical section of the city. The second belt consists of the old residential buildings. Then comes the third belt of the Garden city.

It is a recent extension that lacks amenities and services and infrastructural facilities. The fourth belt has vacant plots and some agricultural areas. However, the agricultural areas are getting converted into residential areas. Then we have the fifth belt that consists of small villages and the agricultural areas of the city.

© Assetyogi

In Summary

The capital city of Karnataka, Bengaluru, has grown at par with Delhi and Mumbai. The pleasant weather and the development attract experts from different fields. Hence, it is developing all the more. It has some of the best institutions for education and some of the best hospitals in the nation.

One article can never do justice to the overview of the entire city. Still, I have tried to give a glimpse of its evolution and the structure of the city.

You can always consult with our experts to know more about the city. Drop a mail at info@roodland.com and we will reply with a promising solution at the earliest.


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