Prefabrication is the process of bringing together different components of a house that are manufactured in a factory setting to the site of construction. This process saves time, wages and material costs.
Common prefabricated units include doors, windows, wall and floor panels, roof trusses, and sometimes even single rooms and whole buildings.
Prefabrication is a technology that is highly updated in terms of performance and quality control. The prefabricated units are usually manufactured in bulk and are sent to different construction locations.
In this method, the weather conditions do not interrupt the construction process anymore. Concrete units are often cast and hardened in separate locations before they are brought to the site.
It is becoming more and more popular in the construction industry and is constantly improving in quality and cost. Commercial construction is found to prefer this technology more.
The advantages of prefabrication include the following.
Prefabrication also has a few disadvantages.
Prefabrication in India has not become a widely practised construction method yet. In addition to the disadvantages mentioned above, this could be mainly because if the magnitude of the project is not very big, the option is not feasible for an average person.
However, in many countries, the formation of smart cities and such have increased the demand for modular constructed products and the commercial construction industry benefits immensely from this technology.