What is Resident’s Welfare Association (RWA)?

Kishan Thakkar K

RWAs are registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860, with established roles and responsibilities, to ensure smooth functioning. It does not have any statutory powers, however.

Residents of each colony have their resident’s welfare association (RWA). Its main aim is to promote the well-being of all residents within a given region, as its name suggests.

Additionally, there are various rules, roles and responsibilities for it to function smoothly. This article introduces us to an RWA and explains how it functions in India.

How Does a Resident Welfare Association work?

Society Registration Act, 1860 is the legislation under which RWAs are registered. The state may include amendments from time to time, which shall apply to all RWAs in that state. Because the RWA is registered under the Societies Registration Act, it is governed by constitutional documents and cannot act at will. An RWA is a legal body with rights, and the documents ensure that it has special powers. Its powers can also be checked, if necessary. An RWA can be sued as well as sue.

These include improving internal roads, improving amenities, lighting, drainage, and overall cleanliness as well as providing water harvesting and civic amenities like water and electricity. RWAs may have more obligations in bigger societies, such as looking into commercial activities such as shops, bazaars, banks, or transportation within the society.


1. How can an RWA be dissolved?

A. As per Section 13 and Section, 14 of the Societies Registration Act, 1860, an RWA can be dissolved.

2. How to sue an RWA?

A. RWAs may be sued in the name of the president or general secretary, or as required by state law.

3. In an RWA, how are casual vacancies filled?

A. The next election can fill vacancies by passing a resolution by maximum votes by both the governing body and the general body.


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