Exploring the Diversity of Residential Buildings in India: From Bungalows to Eco-Friendly Homes

Kishan Thakkar K

India is a land of diverse cultures, climates, and geographies, and this is reflected in the many different types of residential buildings found throughout the country.

From traditional bungalows to modern apartments, each type of home has its own unique characteristics and appeals to different lifestyles. 

In this blog post, we will take a closer look at some of the most commonly found types of residential buildings in India.

As per the National Building Code of India (NBC), residential buildings are defined as constructions “in which sleeping accommodation is provided for normal residential purposes, with or without cooking or dining or both facilities, except any building classified under Group C.”

Based on this definition, residential buildings can be classified into several categories such as lodging or rooming houses, one or two-family private dwellings, dormitories, apartment houses or flats, and hotels.

Most commonly found types of houses 

Let’s discuss some of the most commonly found types of accommodations in India.

  1. Bungalows: These are small, one-story houses or cottages that have been a popular choice for many Indians for decades. They typically feature a front porch and a large yard, making them ideal for families with children or those who love gardening.
  2. Apartments and Flats: These are separate rooms or sets of rooms, each housing a family. They have become increasingly popular in recent years, especially in urban areas, as they offer a convenient and low-maintenance option for city-dwellers.
  3. Penthouses: These are luxury apartments located on the top floors of apartment buildings. They usually feature large terraces, high ceilings, and other high-end amenities.
  4. Studio Flats: These are small apartments that lack separate bedrooms, making them ideal for young professionals or single people.
  5. Villas: These are stately homes that have been popular among the wealthy for centuries. They can range from small, single-story houses to large, multi-story homes with swimming pools, gardens, and driveways.
  6. Condominiums / Housing Complexes / Societies: These are individual units that share common areas such as rooftops, clubhouses, swimming pools, playrooms, and outdoor areas. They are co-owned equally by all the condominium owners.
  7. Farmhouses / Second homes: These are vacation houses and farms located far from urban crowds, and are becoming increasingly popular as more and more people seek a retreat from the city.
  8. Huts: These are simple shelters made of natural materials like mud, wood, bricks, and leaves, and are commonly found in rural and tribal areas of India.
  9. Eco-friendly Homes: With the increasing awareness of the need to minimize environmental impacts, more and more Indians are upgrading their homes to incorporate sustainable technologies, such as solar panels, rainwater harvesting, and green roofs.

In Summary

Residential buildings in India are as diverse as the country’s people, cultures, and geographies. Whether you’re looking for a traditional bungalow, a modern apartment, or an eco-friendly home, there’s a type of residential building that will meet your needs and lifestyle.

Understanding the different types of residential buildings available can help you make an informed decision when buying or renting a home in India.


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